Posted on April 4, 2012 - ( views)
Infrared temperature sensors from Calex Electronics have been used with success for over 7 years by a leading provider of packaged gas for measuring the temperature of gas cylinders as they are filled. When a gas cylinder is filled and the pressure increases, the cylinder will warm up.
The temperature of the surface is monitored for several reasons:
• The target pressure is compensated so the amount of gas filled is corrected at a standard temperature, typically 15ºC.
• The temperature is monitored as the cylinder valves are opened. If the valve is opened correctly a drop in pressure and therefore temperature is observed before rising again as the cylinder is filled. If the temperature drop is not detected then filling is stopped as there could be a problem in opening the valve.
• If multiple cylinders are filled simultaneously, the highest and lowest filling temperatures of the batch are monitored and if the difference between these two temperatures is too great, filling can be stopped.
One PC151MT-0 sensor is aimed at the side of each gas cylinder.
The customer previously used magnetic probes to measure steel cylinder temperatures, however problems were encountered when non-magnetic aluminium alloy and composite wrapped cylinders were used. Infrared temperature measurement was investigated and found to be successful due to the sensor's fast response time (240 ms), 4-20 mA output for connection to analogue inputs on the customer's PLC, and ability to measure the temperature of the surface of wrapped cylinders through the plastic wrapping.
The cylinders are painted and sometimes icy, so satisfactory results can be obtained with the low-cost, fixed-emissivity PyroCouple series of sensors, which has a linear analogue output. For larger quantities of cylinders, PyroBus sensors with RS485 Modbus output can be networked in a daisy-chain for direct connection to digital instrumentation.
An emissivity setting of 0.95 should give good results due to the high emissivity of painted cylinders. Some plastic wrapping materials are transmissive to infrared at 8-14 microns so the sensor will effectively see through them. For these reasons, the same sensor can be used for painted steel, painted aluminium alloy and composite fibre-wrapped cylinders. The measured spot size should be no more than half the diameter of the cylinder. A sensor with 15:1 optics positioned at a distance of 200 mm will measure a spot of diameter 25 mm (approx). Handheld infrared temperature sensors can also be used to determine temperature gradients over the height of the cylinder.
Unit 7, Eden Way
LU7 4TZ Leighton Buzzard
with built in touch screen display and data logging
Used by a major tire manufacturer
for demanding applications including low temperature metals
for DC/DC converters
with miniature sensing head
with USB interface
with narrow optics and wide temperature range
with remote adjustable emissivity setting
with colour-change display for alarm indication
The last issue of IEN Europe before the summer break features a Special on Hydraulics & Pneumatics . Read a technical article on the effective Monitoring of Hose Assemblies , or get to know more about the Role of Valves in Industrial Automation . This month’s Cover Story is a case story on reducing the setup times of machinery by using automated actuators. In our Interview , a representative from the company Flir talks about the possibilities of thermography in industrial applications and recent advancements. As usual, we provide you with lots of add-on information, such as videos and data sheets.
Enjoy IEN Europe June/July and have a great summer.
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