HVAC is the Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning method for conditioning the indoor environment of a building, usually with the intent of keeping the occupant comfortable. A hydronic HVAC system utilizes water as the primary fluid to transfer energy throughout the building. Water has outstanding heat transfer characteristics, along with other benefits (i.e. – plentiful, non-toxic, “green,” inexpensive) that make it ideal for this purpose.
To deliver heat, the system must have a heat source, such as a boiler, and to provide cooling, the system must have a cooling source, such as a chiller or cooling tower. The heated or cooled water is pumped throughout the building to air handling units or terminal units (or other similar), where it transfers energy with air from the ventilation system before it recirculates to the heating or cooling source. The conditioned air is then delivered to the room.
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