HMS. With the arrival of 5G technology, the manufacturing industry faces its biggest transformation yet. Safer, flexible and more efficient manufacturing systems will be possible thanks to the ultra-low-latency and reliability of 5G connectivity. This enables continued automation of robots and warehouse transportation as well as cutting cables for true flexibility. In this whitepaper we describe the benefits of 5G in the factory and the impact on smart manufacturing. During the last 200 years we have seen a tremendous development of industrial production. During this time there has been a shift away from craft production and towards mass production. Mass production was a result of a technology push to make manufacturing more productive. With mass production we lost the ability to produce customized products. The customer need for customized products, however, is still there. For this reason, there is a strong market pull to make industrial production far more flexible than it is today. Flexible production, however, is not allowed to increase the cost of production. At the contrary there is a need to increase automation in order to maintain quality and stay competitive. This is today a global trend.